WP2. Changes of Firms’ Export Markets and Product Portfolios as the Source of Productivity Growth and Structural Change
Aim and research questions
One of the key drivers of productivity at firm level is internationalization and the potential related learning from abroad about new technologies. Despite the significant case study and macro level evidence, many econometric firm level studies have found little causal proof about learning by exporting at firm level (e.g. except de Loecker 2007, van Biesebroeck 2005) and mixed evidence about the spillovers from internationalization (Görg,Greenaway 2004). We investigate in detail the heterogeneous effects of various internationalization activities of firms, necessary conditions for the positive effects to emerge, the mechanisms how export products or markets related innovation by firms affect productivity and how the firm level export decisions are formed. We combine in analysis the international trade and international business research fields. Our extension of the existing literature (esp. in international business) is to significant extent based on usage of detailed firm and firm-product-destination level panel data of exports of Estonia’s firms, which are merged with other employer and employee level data.
The studies in this WP address the following key research questions:
- What are the key factors that affect firms’ decisions at export product or market level?
- What are the dominant patterns and determinants of nonlinear internationalization, compared to linear internationalization?
- How do firm level changes in export markets and product portfolios lead to higher productivity and performance?
- What are the consequences of changes in export markets and export product portfolios on firm survival?
- Does product level entry and exit process result in structural change in an industry?
Work in progress
Masso, J., Vissak, T. „Export patterns: typology development and application to Estonian data“
Vissak, T., Zhang, X. „Chinese born globals' de-internationalization: survey evidence“
Meriküll, J., Chiriacescu, B., Harasztosi, P., Lalinsky, T. „Export diversification and output volatility over the great recession“
Masso, J., Rõigas, K., Vahter, P. „Foreign Market Experience, Learning by Hiring and Firm Export Performance“
Vissak, T, Lukason, O. „Interconnections between a rare metal producer’s nonlienar internationalization and financial indicators“
Vissak, T., Zhang, X., Tsukanova, T. „Early Stage Market Selections in Internationalization Processes: Comparative Studies of Chinese Born Global and Non-Born Global Firms”
Vissak, T.,Knight, G., Zhang, X. „Problems related to Guanxi in China“
Lukason, O., Hoffman, R. „Firm failure causes and magnitude of collapse“
Masso, J. Vahter, P. "Exporting and productivity: the effects of multi-product and multi-market export entry", forthcoming in Scottish Journal of Political Economy
Vissak, T., Zhang, X. "Chinee Immigrant Entrepreneurs’ Involvment in Internationalization and Innovation: Three Canadian Cases“, forthcoming in Journal of International Entrepreneurship
Vissak, T., Zhang, X. “Chinese MNEs’ Entry, Exit and Re-Entry Patterns: Survey Evidence”, forthcoming in M. Marinov (Ed.) Multinational firms from emerging economies. Palgrave.