Kolmapäev, 7. oktoober 2020 kell 14.00 Join Microsoft Teams Meeting
James H. Love (University of Leeds, University of Tartu)
The Dynamics of Geographic Collaboration for Innovation
This paper examines how changes in the scope of geographic collaboration affect the innovation performance of firms in the UK. While previous evidence suggests that collaborating with more distant partners can lead to greater innovative outputs than more local collaborations, relatively little is known about the dynamics of this process at the firm level. The empirical analysis uses a panel dataset that was constructed using five waves of the UK Innovation Survey (UKIS). While persistence in the geographical extent of innovation is common, there is also a marked incidence of change with many firms increasing or decreasing the geographic scope of collaboration. We are able to determine which changes in the geography of collaboration over time stimulate different types of innovation. While more distant collaboration has innovation benefits, especially for radical innovation, this is not always reflected in the strategic choices of individual firms. Under some circumstances becoming less international in geographic scope is beneficial for innovation, and there is also evidence that stability in the spatial scale of collaboration is particularly useful for less radical forms of innovation. We identify six pathways to geographic collaboration that map to innovation strategies.