Research Seminars







(Stockholm School of Economics in Riga )

Academics vs policy debate: the case of the shadow economy index

It has been argued that academic performance, especially in the fields of entrepreneurship, management, and strategy, cannot be judged merely by looking at the quality of academic publications and teaching. Yet, even though most articles include a policy suggestions section, cooperation between entrepreneurship and management researchers, industry and policymakers still has substantial potential. This presentation will explore how a ‘research product’ which originates from a Ph.D. dissertation, has been developed to attract interest from industry and policymakers as well as, through mass media coverage, a wider audience. I will present how this has helped to influence policy debate as well as how interaction with industry and policymakers contributes to an extended research pipeline (and vice versa). I will draw on my experience working within the field of research and policy debate on the shadow economy in the three Baltic countries, and beyond.





(Estonian Business School)

Mega events and institutional development

Recent shifts in locations of the organization of mega events (Olympics, FIFA World Cup, Expo etc.) towards emerging countries (such as Russia, China, South Africa) led to the soaring objections among human right activists and investigative journalists with to the concerns over human right violations. We aim to understand the linkage between two phenomena, by empirically testing the impact of sports mega events on human rights violations in over 120 countries. By applying panel data techniques on a rich dataset going back to 1900, we find no evidence for the negative effect of sports mega events on human rights violations. On the contrary, organization of such events (the year of the nomination as well as the actual event) produces a positive effect, which remains statistically significant after several different specifications. In addition, we find a spill-over effect on improving human rights’ situation onto consecutive years after the country hosted the mega-event. Moreover, even when controlling for the economic (GDP per capita), political (political participation), security (internal conflict), energy dependency (oil production) factors, mega events as well as the election years (including consecutive years – mostly 2-3 years after) are strong determinants of improving the human rights situation across the world, since 1900.

Keywords: mega events, human rights, emerging countries, institutional development



TIIA VISSAK (University of Tartu)

Exporters' success and failure in the VUCA world

Firms’ export performance has received considerable attention, but agreement regarding which measures to use and how to achieve “success” is missing. This presentation aims to contribute to the internationalization literature by discussing the problems of current export performance measures taking the VUCA conditions (volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous business environment) and firms’ serial nonlinear internationalization (multiple foreign market exits and re-entries) into account. It also gives an overview of understandings of “success“ and “failure“, and, thereafter, firms’ “successful” and “failed” internationalization processes, causes and outcomes of “successful” and “failed” exports. It explains that due to using a wide range of “success” and “failure” criteria and focusing on different types of “successful” and “failed” internationalizers (from slow internationalizers to born globals), authors have identified a wide variety of internal and external causes of firms’ export “success” and “failure”. Moreover, export-related and other outcomes of “successful” and “failed” internationalization also vary considerably. Due to the complexity of the “success” and “failure” phenomena, it is impossible to identify a “typical” type of “successful” or “failed” internationalization or offer “optimal” failure avoidance advice. 



(University of Sussex,  University of Tartu), ANNA-KATI PAHKER (University of Tartu)

Where is the Second Deep Transition most likely to emerge?


(Eesti Pank, University of Tartu)

The transmission of Covid-19 related trade shocks across countries: Comparative firm-level evidence





Previous Research Seminars:

13.12.2022. MAAJA VADI, KRISTA JAAKSON (Tartu Ülikool). Mida avastasime Eesti juhtimisest ja juhtimise uurimisest? (Eesti juhtimisvaldkonna uuringu näitel)

30.11.2022. SALME NÄSI (University of Tampere, University of Tartu). Development of the CSR and Sustainability  Thinking in the Business Studies - Finnish/Nordic Approach

02.11.2022. ANU REALO (University of Warwick, University of Tartu). Why We Trust and Why It Matters?

12.10.2022. MARK F. PETERSON (Aarhus University, University of Tartu). Theorizing Cultural Regions of North America: Implications for Europe and the World.

28.09.2022. AMARESH K. TIWARI (University of Tartu). Automation in an Open, Catching-Up Economy: Aggregate and Microeconometric Evidence.

21.09.2022. MICHAEL MINKOV (Varna University of Management, University of Tartu). Do nations, in-country regions, religions, and ethnolinguistic groups have distinct cultures? Evidence from Europe, Asia, Africa, the US, and Russia.

14.09.2022. KARSTEN STAEHR (Tallinn University of Technology, Eesti Pank). Economic growth (regimes) and capital flows in the Baltic States.

15.06.2022. HAKAN ERATALAY (University of Tartu). On the impact of ESG ratings on asymmetric effects and leverage effects in volatility

01.06.2022. FRANCESCO MANARESI (OECD). Closing the Italian digital gap: The role of skills, intangibles and policies

25.05.2022. IRMA RYBNIKOVA (Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences). Does organizational democracy have societal consequences? Dealing with the so-called "spillover hypothesis"

18.05.2022. OLIVER LUKASON (University of Tartu). How do scientific R&D ventures fail: European evidence based on financial failure processes

04.05.2022. LUCA ALFIERI (University of Tartu). The Effects of the ECB Communications on Financial Markets before and during COVID-19 Pandemic

27.04.2022. NEKTARIOS ASLANIDIS (Universitat Rovira i Virgili). Near-money in history: cryptocurrencies versus bills of exchange

13.04.2022. NIINA NUMMELA (University of Turku). Boosted by failure? Entrepreneurial internationalisation as a cyclical learning process

06.04.2022. GAYGYSYZ ASHYROV (University of Tartu). Cultural aspects of tax behaviour in transition economies

09.03.2022. DAMIAN BEBNOWSKI (University of Lodz). The first 'Treuhandanstalt' (UrTHA) in East Germany in 1990. Review of research

16.02.2022. JAAN VALSINER (University of Tartu, Tallinn University, Aalborg University). Methodology and methods in social sciences: Economics as a qualitative science

02.02.2022. MARK F. PETERSON (Aarhus University; University of Tartu). Experiences in Promoting Multilevel Methods

17.02.2021. ANNABEL HANA  CHRISTIE (Bedfordshire Business School). Why and How Middle Managers Use Autonomy in Strategy?

03.03.2021. LUCA ALFIERI (University of Tartu). The communication reaction function of the European Central Bank. An analysis using topic model indices

10.03.2021. NIINA NUMMELA (University of Turku). In-between worlds – liminal experiences of Finnish-born cosmopolitans

17.03.2021. BETTINA BECKER (Aston University). The effectiveness of regional, national and EU support for innovation in the UK and Spain

24.03.2021. MATTHIAS ROTTNER (European University Institute). Hitting the Elusive Inflation Target

31.03.2021. JAAN MASSO, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). Innovation as a firm-level factor of the gender wage gap

19.05.2021. MICHAEL MINKOV (University of Tartu; Varna University of Management). A Test of the Revised Minkov-Hofstede Model of Culture: Mirror Images of Subjective and Objective Culture across Nations and the 50 US States.

26.05.2021. MARI-LIIS TIKERPERI (University of Tartu). Estonian schools in the context of social acceleration and mediatization

27.10.2021. MAAJA VADI, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). Complementarities between technological and organizational innovation: dynamics and firm level outcomes.

03.11.2021. SONJA SACKMANN (University of St Gallen; University of Tartu). Analyzing “bad” / unethical organizational cultures.

24.11.2021. JAANIKA MERIKÜLL (Eesti Pank; University of Tartu). The gender wealth gap in Europe: Application of machine learning to predict individual-level wealth.

08.12.2021. JAAN MASSO, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). Joining and exiting the value chain of multinationals and performance of suppliers: evidence from inter-firm transaction data.

15.12.2021. MUSTAFA HAKAN ERATALAY (University of Tartu). The impact of ESG ratings on the systemic risk contribution and exposure of European blue-chip companies.

02.12.2020. JAANIKA MERIKÜLL (University of Tartu; Eesti Pank). The gap that survived the transition: 30 years of the gender wage gap in Estonia.

18.11.2020. LENNO UUSKÜLA (University of Tartu; Eesti Pank). Productivity and Firm Turnover.

4.11.2020. MARIA PTASHKINA (Pompeu Fabra University). Measuring Heterogeneity Across Preferential Trade Agreements.

14.10.2020. ASTA PUNDZIENE (Kaunas University of Technology, University of California). Value Traps for Benefiting from Platform-based new business line in MedTech Incumbent Companies. Dynamic Capabilities Perspective.

7.10.2020. JAMES H. LOVE (University of Leeds; University of Tartu). The Dynamics of Geographic Collaboration for Innovation.

16.09.2020. TIIA VISSAK (University of Tartu). A Reviewer’s Perspective: Which Mistakes Do Authors Often Make in Qualitative International Business Research?

02.09.2020. GOURANGA G. DAS (Hanyang University), co-author Ranajoy Bhattacharya. Contract Farming in Agriculture and Host Country Effects: Development Policy Insights from alternative models on Land Deal.

29.04.2020. KARSTEN STAEHR (Tallinn University of Technology; Eesti Pank). Export Performance and Capacity Pressures in Central and Eastern Europe.

22.04.2020. GAYGYSYZ ASHYROV, KRISTA JAAKSON (University of Tartu). Is supervisory responsibility a “demanding resource” depending on job context? Evidence from PIAAC Survey.

8.04.2020. NELE TABA (University of Tartu). Detecting causal effects of diet on health using the method of Mendelian randomization.

10.03.2020. ILONA BUCIUNIENE (ISM Unviversity of Management and Economics). The influence of industrial robots adoption on human capital and human resources architecture change.

04.03.2020. KAOURU NATSUDA (Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University).Transfer of Japanese-style management to the Czech Republic: the case of Japanese manufacturing firm.

26.02.2020. AMARESH TIWARI (University of Tartu). Impact Evaluation of Cohesion Fund, 2014-2020: The Case of Estonia.

12.02.2020. JAAN MASSO, JAANIKA MERIKÜLL, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). The role of firms in the gender wage gap.

18.12.2019. BORISS SILIVERSTOVS (Bank of Latvia). Employment Effect of Innovation.

02.12.2019. PATRIK TINGVALL  (Södertörn University),  JONAS KASTENG (Swedish National Board of Trade). Who Uses the EU’s Free Trade Agreements?

13.11.2019. VLADISLAV SOLOVIOV (University of Tartu). Does regional culture affect innovation in the EU?

05.11.2019. 1. ROMEO TURCAN (Aalborg University). Legitimation, newness and theory building. 2. ILAN ALON (University of Agder). Globalization of Chinese Enterprises. A Review of the Literature and Future Research Agenda.

23.10.2019. TIIA VISSAK (University of Tartu). Foreign market entries, exits and re-entries: The role of knowledge, network relationships and decision-making logic

11.09.2019. OLEGS TKACEVS (Bank of Latvia). Getting Old Is No Picnic? Sector-Specific Relationship Between Workers Age and Firm Productivity.

04.09.2019. GAZI SALAH UDDIN  (Linköping University). Demystifying the impact of GDP, energy, oil price, and trade openness on CO2 emissions in India: an NARDL approach

22.08.2019. LEONIDAS COSTA LEONIDOU (University of Cyprus). Antecedents, moderators, and outcomes of effective import strategy design and implementation.

29.05.2019. MICHAEL MINKOV (Varna University of Management, University of Tartu). Do nations have homogeneous cultures?






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