MIHAILS HAZANS (University of Latvia)
Human values and supervisory responsibilities: A comparative evidence from the Baltic Sea region
Do employees with supervisory responsibilities differ from other workers in terms of human values, especially those potentially affecting the quality and efficiency of supervision? This paper applies data from rounds 7-9 of the European Social Survey to investigate the selection of employees into supervisory jobs in nine countries of the Baltic Sea region. The results suggest that in all countries considered, excluding Latvia, Openness to Change and Self-Enhancement are positively associated with the probability of holding a supervisory job, while Conservation (the set of values oriented at tradition, conformity and security) is negatively associated with the probability to be a supervisor. Self-Transcendence (the higher order value covering benevolence and universalism) is not a statistically significant determinant of being a supervisor in eight out of nine countries considered. However, in all countries but Poland and Latvia, models with specific measures of basic values (rather than aggregated higher order values measures) reveal strongly significant positive effects of items related to understanding and/or helpfulness – motivations associated with universalism and benevolence, while other effects are in line with those of the higher order values.
Authors: Mihails Hazans, Jaan Masso, Per Botolf Maurseth, Tiiu Paas
This article is involved in the LIFT project financed by EEA and Norway Grants Programme 2014-2021.
Narva 18 - 1017,
MATHIAS JUUST (University of Tartu),
URMAS VARBLANE (University of Tartu),
Firm resources and response to a negative export shock: 2014 Russian embargo on the Western food exporters
This study examines the effects of the 2014 Russian food embargo against the West on Estonian exporters. The quantitative part one quantifies the embargo effect on the exports and productivity of Estonian firms affected, finding that this trade shock induced trade diversion that was higher for firms with higher initial productivity and exposure to the Russian market. The qualitative part two investigates the firm-level responses of three major embargoed Estonian dairy producers that had a high dependence on the Russian market before 2014. We find that conducting effective innovation activities and adjusting in response to the embargo was more successful for firms with a more diverse set of pre-embargo resources and capabilities, especially regarding strategic management and business networks.
|06.09.2023||LIIS ROOSAAR (University of Tartu)||
Gender wage gap in the University of Tartu
We study the gender wage gap at the University of Tartu (UT) using the administrative data of all the academic employees from 2012-2021. We show general trends in the gap in UT, how it compares to the national average gender wage gap and what explains the gap in UT. Two special topics include the child penalty in academia and the role of outside options or reservation wages on the gap in UT. The results indicate that differences of mean wages between fields employing mostly women or mostly men are not behind the gap, but differences in occupations explain the majority of it. Education is also an important factor as the share of men in UT with a PhD degree is larger than that of women. Child penalty is likely one of the factors that hold women back from entering higher occupational ranks in UT. We also show that there are vivid differences between fields in the reservation wage outside academia.
Authors: Jaan Masso, Jaanika Meriküll, Liis Roosaar, Kärt Rõigas, Tiiu Paas
Previous Research Seminars:
21.06.2023. KARL MORASCH (University of Bundeswehr Munich). Global Trade Networks, Strategic Firm Behavior, and the Environment
17.05.2023. KALEV KUKK (Tallinna Ülikool). Otto Strandman majanduspoliitikuna
26.04.2023. JORGE F. S. GOMES (Lisbon School of Economics and Management). HRM in a strong context: Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic
19.04.2023. TIIA VISSAK (University of Tartu). Exporters' success and failure in the VUCA world
05.04.2023. GAYGYSYZ ASHYROV (Estonian Business School). Mega events and institutional development
01.03.2023. LAUR KANGER (University of Sussex, University of Tartu), ANNA-KATI PAHKER (University of Tartu). Where is the Second Deep Transition most likely to emerge?
22.02.2023. JAANIKA MERIKÜLL (Eesti Pank, University of Tartu). The transmission of Covid-19 related trade shocks across countries: Comparative firm-level evidence
13.12.2022. MAAJA VADI, KRISTA JAAKSON (Tartu Ülikool). Mida avastasime Eesti juhtimisest ja juhtimise uurimisest? (Eesti juhtimisvaldkonna uuringu näitel)
30.11.2022. SALME NÄSI (University of Tampere, University of Tartu). Development of the CSR and Sustainability Thinking in the Business Studies - Finnish/Nordic Approach
02.11.2022. ANU REALO (University of Warwick, University of Tartu). Why We Trust and Why It Matters?
12.10.2022. MARK F. PETERSON (Aarhus University, University of Tartu). Theorizing Cultural Regions of North America: Implications for Europe and the World.
28.09.2022. AMARESH K. TIWARI (University of Tartu). Automation in an Open, Catching-Up Economy: Aggregate and Microeconometric Evidence.
21.09.2022. MICHAEL MINKOV (Varna University of Management, University of Tartu). Do nations, in-country regions, religions, and ethnolinguistic groups have distinct cultures? Evidence from Europe, Asia, Africa, the US, and Russia.
14.09.2022. KARSTEN STAEHR (Tallinn University of Technology, Eesti Pank). Economic growth (regimes) and capital flows in the Baltic States.
15.06.2022. HAKAN ERATALAY (University of Tartu). On the impact of ESG ratings on asymmetric effects and leverage effects in volatility
01.06.2022. FRANCESCO MANARESI (OECD). Closing the Italian digital gap: The role of skills, intangibles and policies
25.05.2022. IRMA RYBNIKOVA (Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences). Does organizational democracy have societal consequences? Dealing with the so-called "spillover hypothesis"
18.05.2022. OLIVER LUKASON (University of Tartu). How do scientific R&D ventures fail: European evidence based on financial failure processes
04.05.2022. LUCA ALFIERI (University of Tartu). The Effects of the ECB Communications on Financial Markets before and during COVID-19 Pandemic
27.04.2022. NEKTARIOS ASLANIDIS (Universitat Rovira i Virgili). Near-money in history: cryptocurrencies versus bills of exchange
13.04.2022. NIINA NUMMELA (University of Turku). Boosted by failure? Entrepreneurial internationalisation as a cyclical learning process
06.04.2022. GAYGYSYZ ASHYROV (University of Tartu). Cultural aspects of tax behaviour in transition economies
09.03.2022. DAMIAN BEBNOWSKI (University of Lodz). The first 'Treuhandanstalt' (UrTHA) in East Germany in 1990. Review of research
16.02.2022. JAAN VALSINER (University of Tartu, Tallinn University, Aalborg University). Methodology and methods in social sciences: Economics as a qualitative science
02.02.2022. MARK F. PETERSON (Aarhus University; University of Tartu). Experiences in Promoting Multilevel Methods
17.02.2021. ANNABEL HANA CHRISTIE (Bedfordshire Business School). Why and How Middle Managers Use Autonomy in Strategy?
03.03.2021. LUCA ALFIERI (University of Tartu). The communication reaction function of the European Central Bank. An analysis using topic model indices
10.03.2021. NIINA NUMMELA (University of Turku). In-between worlds – liminal experiences of Finnish-born cosmopolitans
17.03.2021. BETTINA BECKER (Aston University). The effectiveness of regional, national and EU support for innovation in the UK and Spain
24.03.2021. MATTHIAS ROTTNER (European University Institute). Hitting the Elusive Inflation Target
31.03.2021. JAAN MASSO, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). Innovation as a firm-level factor of the gender wage gap
19.05.2021. MICHAEL MINKOV (University of Tartu; Varna University of Management). A Test of the Revised Minkov-Hofstede Model of Culture: Mirror Images of Subjective and Objective Culture across Nations and the 50 US States.
26.05.2021. MARI-LIIS TIKERPERI (University of Tartu). Estonian schools in the context of social acceleration and mediatization
27.10.2021. MAAJA VADI, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). Complementarities between technological and organizational innovation: dynamics and firm level outcomes.
03.11.2021. SONJA SACKMANN (University of St Gallen; University of Tartu). Analyzing “bad” / unethical organizational cultures.
24.11.2021. JAANIKA MERIKÜLL (Eesti Pank; University of Tartu). The gender wealth gap in Europe: Application of machine learning to predict individual-level wealth.
08.12.2021. JAAN MASSO, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). Joining and exiting the value chain of multinationals and performance of suppliers: evidence from inter-firm transaction data.
15.12.2021. MUSTAFA HAKAN ERATALAY (University of Tartu). The impact of ESG ratings on the systemic risk contribution and exposure of European blue-chip companies.
02.12.2020. JAANIKA MERIKÜLL (University of Tartu; Eesti Pank). The gap that survived the transition: 30 years of the gender wage gap in Estonia.
18.11.2020. LENNO UUSKÜLA (University of Tartu; Eesti Pank). Productivity and Firm Turnover.
4.11.2020. MARIA PTASHKINA (Pompeu Fabra University). Measuring Heterogeneity Across Preferential Trade Agreements.
14.10.2020. ASTA PUNDZIENE (Kaunas University of Technology, University of California). Value Traps for Benefiting from Platform-based new business line in MedTech Incumbent Companies. Dynamic Capabilities Perspective.
7.10.2020. JAMES H. LOVE (University of Leeds; University of Tartu). The Dynamics of Geographic Collaboration for Innovation.
16.09.2020. TIIA VISSAK (University of Tartu). A Reviewer’s Perspective: Which Mistakes Do Authors Often Make in Qualitative International Business Research?
02.09.2020. GOURANGA G. DAS (Hanyang University), co-author Ranajoy Bhattacharya. Contract Farming in Agriculture and Host Country Effects: Development Policy Insights from alternative models on Land Deal.
29.04.2020. KARSTEN STAEHR (Tallinn University of Technology; Eesti Pank). Export Performance and Capacity Pressures in Central and Eastern Europe.
22.04.2020. GAYGYSYZ ASHYROV, KRISTA JAAKSON (University of Tartu). Is supervisory responsibility a “demanding resource” depending on job context? Evidence from PIAAC Survey.
8.04.2020. NELE TABA (University of Tartu). Detecting causal effects of diet on health using the method of Mendelian randomization.
10.03.2020. ILONA BUCIUNIENE (ISM Unviversity of Management and Economics). The influence of industrial robots adoption on human capital and human resources architecture change.
04.03.2020. KAOURU NATSUDA (Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University).Transfer of Japanese-style management to the Czech Republic: the case of Japanese manufacturing firm.
26.02.2020. AMARESH TIWARI (University of Tartu). Impact Evaluation of Cohesion Fund, 2014-2020: The Case of Estonia.
12.02.2020. JAAN MASSO, JAANIKA MERIKÜLL, PRIIT VAHTER (University of Tartu). The role of firms in the gender wage gap.
18.12.2019. BORISS SILIVERSTOVS (Bank of Latvia). Employment Effect of Innovation.
02.12.2019. PATRIK TINGVALL (Södertörn University), JONAS KASTENG (Swedish National Board of Trade). Who Uses the EU’s Free Trade Agreements?
13.11.2019. VLADISLAV SOLOVIOV (University of Tartu). Does regional culture affect innovation in the EU?
05.11.2019. 1. ROMEO TURCAN (Aalborg University). Legitimation, newness and theory building. 2. ILAN ALON (University of Agder). Globalization of Chinese Enterprises. A Review of the Literature and Future Research Agenda.
23.10.2019. TIIA VISSAK (University of Tartu). Foreign market entries, exits and re-entries: The role of knowledge, network relationships and decision-making logic
11.09.2019. OLEGS TKACEVS (Bank of Latvia). Getting Old Is No Picnic? Sector-Specific Relationship Between Workers Age and Firm Productivity.
04.09.2019. GAZI SALAH UDDIN (Linköping University). Demystifying the impact of GDP, energy, oil price, and trade openness on CO2 emissions in India: an NARDL approach
22.08.2019. LEONIDAS COSTA LEONIDOU (University of Cyprus). Antecedents, moderators, and outcomes of effective import strategy design and implementation.
29.05.2019. MICHAEL MINKOV (Varna University of Management, University of Tartu). Do nations have homogeneous cultures?